Images and descriptions of the accused under the Third Republic (P. Bass)
In order to touch upon the diversity of images of the accused over the three decades of journalistic and scientific crime interest (1880s, 1890s, 1900s), this exhibit focuses on three trials that took place in 1889, 1902 and 1912. During this time, the image of the accused in the press underwent significant changes: as half-tone engravings and photography gradually replaced two-tone engravings and the objectives of the press changed, representations of accused individuals adapted accordingly. Images of the same “criminals” appeared on the covers of laments sold on the street and in series of postcards published around the theme of particular crimes, supplementing this corpus of criminal portraits offered by low-cost illustrated newspapers. These images allowed the public to see criminals without being directly confronted with them; visions of crime thus became banal and day-to-day, in part, by the birth of an accessible illustrated press.